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Virtual Dictionary

Brain-Machine Interface

Brain Machine Interfaces or BMI (Also sometimes known as Brain Computer Interfaces or BCI) is one of the oldest fields in virtual reality, stretching back to the very first experiments with virtual reality devices.

As the name suggests, BMI is all about directly connecting the human brain to machines, such that the electrical impulses in the brain might drive those machines.

For decades this field languished at the fringes of human computer interface research, until the early 2000s when a multitude of direct connection methods including TMR, 3D EEG and ECoG were pioneered that opened whole new ways to both invasively and non, interface with the thoughts of the central nervous system, and the muscle control codes of the peripheral nervous system.

Currently, with the rise of neurogaming - controlling both games and virtual environments alike through the use of direct thought control, brain machine interfaces of all types and sizes are receiving more attention than ever before, and beginning to enter the mainstream.

See Also: TMR, EEG, 3D EEG, ECoG, Neurogaming, BCI, Virtual Embodiment, SimStim

Below, we offer a selection of links from our resource databases which may match this term.

Related Dictionary Entries for Brain-Machine Interface:


Egocentric Viewpoint

Hard Simulation


Mind Downloading

Muscle Computer Interface

Muscle-Machine Interface



Wet Net


Resources in our database matching the Term Brain-Machine Interface:

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Locally Hosted resource
VR Interfaces: Inupathy - Neural Interface Dog Mood collar
The Inupathy collar is an empathic collar, a brain machine interface for your dog, that visually transmits your dogs emotions in real-time, by reading the dog's heartbeat as a biometric marker for the emotional turmoil going on inside. It learns and adapts to the dog, and offers an insight into your best friend's thought process, to bolster the ones you already have. It's a brain machine interface for the heart.

Locally Hosted resource
BMI: Basic Introductions
It has become apparent that whilst research into Brain Machine Interfaces continues at a steady pace, there is a certain amount of confusion in both academic and commercial circles about just what comprises a brain-machine interface. This disambiguation article intends to clarify.

Locally Hosted resource
Podcast: EPOC Brain Machine Controller
At The Entertainment Gathering on December 12th 2008, Tan Le, co-founder and president of Emotiv Systems, gave a live demo of EPOC, her non-invasive brain machine interface system.

Locally Hosted resource
Brain blankets for BMI
An introduction to a new type of brain-machine interface, the subskull brain blanket.

Chronicling and cataloguing some of the greater breakthroughs in Brain-Computer interfaces to occur in 2007.

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Brain Machine Interface Enabled Wheelchair
Researchers at the University of South Florida have developed a wheelchair-mounted robotic arm, which is capable of interfacing with the wheelchair user's thoughts via a non-invasive neural interface.

Locally Hosted resource
Neuroprosthetics, Brain Emulation and Mind Uploading: The ultimate VR concepts
Neuroprosthetics, brain emulation and mind uploading are together perhaps the most extreme end of the trend towards virtual reality. All three are BMI, or Brain-Machine Interface. BMI is an old field, stretching back over six decades, concerned with direct-connecting the human brain to machines, in order to improve the function of both.

Locally Hosted resource
Sol Bianca: The Legacy Take on Gaze-Directed Neural-controlled Weaponry
A surprising find from an old anime space opera released in 1999. The main plot and most of the episodes have nothing to do with VR, but this element does. It is by far the most comprehensive and well thought out brain-machine-interface controlled firearm, we have ever come across in any genre of televised fiction. It would actually function as shown, using modern interface technology.

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The Human Brain has a Network Backbone
An unexpected discovery of a hierarchical networking scaffold inside the human brain itself, has interesting implications for future neuroprosthetics. Rather than having to interface with the grey matter right where computations are being done, we may in fact only have to interface with the white matter 'between departments' as it were, to achieve the same interface effect.


Industry News containing the Term Brain-Machine Interface:

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A U.S. boy has become the first teenager to play a two-dimensional video game using only the signals from his brain to make movements.

Washington University researchers say the unidentified 14-year-old St. Louis boy's achiev...

A research team from the University of Houston has created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his brainwaves. The technique, demonstrated with a 56-year-old man who...

A paralyzed patient implanted with a brain-computer interface device has allowed University of Chicago scientists to determine the relationship between brain waves and attention.

Using a small chip containing nearly 100 micro...

DEK International, a provider of equipment and processes for high accuracy mass imaging of electronic materials, has won a Global Technology Award for an interface which utilises VR techniques to display complex machine and process data for...

A team of UC Irvine scientists has been awarded a $4 million grant from the U.S. Army Research Office to study the neuroscientific and signal-processing foundations of "synthetic telepathy."

This Brain-Machine Interface dr...