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Virtual Dictionary

Functional Electrical Stimulation

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is another term for neuromusclar electrical stimulation. It is an umbrella term to describe the process of using electrical currents, and electrode arrays to reactivate the peripheral nervous system in individuals who have suffered damage to the spinal cord or other location in their peripheral nervous system between the target muscle and the brain.

Working in a similar way to TMR, electrodes placed into the trunk nerves transmit the neural code pulses to command various body parts to move.

However, unlike TMR which interprets the desired intent pulses sent by the brain and converts them into mechanical commands to drive prosthetics where the organic body part was lost, FES does the exact opposite. It transmits the controlling neural codes into the muscles in cases of paralysis, where the direct link to the brain has been severed.

In both cases, the neural codes the function calls the brain uses to order the muscles to move are an essential, integral part of the procedure. FES is not about simply transmitting direct current electricity into the body, but pulsing the correct code at the correct frequencies, to make the muscles believe they have just received a valid command from the brain.

As a beneficial side-effect of increasing use of FES in conquering paralysis, an increasing number of neural codes to control muscles are being deciphered and reverse-engineered to general cases. These neural codes are then shared with other methods to artificially link the central or peripheral nervous system to augmentation prosthetics - methods such as BMI and TMR.

This in turn ties directly into benefitting smart prosthetics (sometimes known as active prosthetics), and direct brain-controlled VR interfaces, which also work off of reading the intended neural codes for the body, then blocking them physically and enacting them in the VR form instead.

See Also: NMES, Neural Coding, TMR, BMI

Below, we offer a selection of links from our resource databases which may match this term.



Related Dictionary Entries for Functional Electrical Stimulation:

FES

Functional Electrical Stimulation

Lower Extremity Functional Electrical Stimulation

Neuromusclar Electrical Stimulation

NMES









 

Resources in our database matching the Term Functional Electrical Stimulation:

Results by page [1]   [2]   [3]   [4]   [5]   




Locally Hosted resource
Home Stroke Rehabilitation ? 2014?
Industry News

Its early 2009, and the University of Southampton, in the UK, is developing electrical stimulation technology, designed to help stroke patients relearn movement, by duplicating the natural, original nerve impulses. The technology is a direct offshoot of work to decode the electrical signals of the peripheral nervous system.



A mis-fire in the teledildonics industry, this early attempt at sexual stimulation in VR fell short after it was discovered it had a minor side effect - bodily secretions caused a lethal electrical discharge.





Locally Hosted resource
Self-Charging Power Cell converts Mechanical Energy into Stored Chemical Energy
A different paradigm in power generation for implants and prosthetics, combines electrical generation and storage in a single thin three-layer flexible ribbon. Piezoelectric in nature, it builds long-term storage into the electrical ggeneration process. No other battery or powersource required.



Resource Type not Available





Locally Hosted resource
MUD Pies: Part 2
Part two of this series takes you through everything you need, to turn your initial code into a functional chat server ? the bare-bones basics for any world.



Locally Hosted resource
Large Image Display: Sol Bianca: F-310 Mega-Arms Neural Interface Gun
An in-depth technical look at the neural-controlled weapon in Sol Bianca. How it would actually function, and the basics of how we would go about recreating it in functional form, from technology available today.



Locally Hosted resource
A Selection Of The Joyous Uses For SimStim
Twenty-five uses to which SimStim, or Simulated Stimulation is likely to be put, which offer true benefits for the world and individuals alike.



 

Industry News containing the Term Functional Electrical Stimulation:

Results by page [1]   

(13/02/2009)
The University of Southampton, in the UK, is developing electrical stimulation technology, designed to help stroke patients relearn movement, by duplicating the natural, original nerve impulses. The technology is a direct offshoot of work t...


(11/11/2007)
Benoit Dawant, an electrical engineer at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, US, and colleagues are attempting to combine the data from a large number of patient treatments with deep brain stimulation using implanted electrodes, in order to...


(22/09/2011)
Stimulating a specific region of the brain leads to the production of new brain cells that enhance memory, according to an animal study in the September 21 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The findings show how deep brain stimulation (...


(14/04/2013)
Slow oscillations in brain activity, which occur during so-called slow-wave sleep, are critical for retaining memories. Researchers reporting online April 11 in the Cell Press journal Neuron have found that playing sounds synchronized to th...


(15/08/2013)
For the first time, a deep brain neuroprosthetic that is capable of I/O operations has been created. Normally only one-way communication is possible, as the way the deep brain implant writes to the brain makes it impossible to read anything...