Optical Coherence Tomography
Optical coherence tomography or OCT, is a medical imaging method created by Massachusetts General Hospital researchers in 1990, for deep tissue examination. Using a laser tip that is continually rotating, OCT is able to delve deep into body tissues with focussed light, and image what it finds by measuring the wavelengths returned from organic material. It is somewhat slow, and is best used on non-living material, due to the high noise ratio produced by light waves bouncing off of rapidly moving blood cells in the layer being imaged, and in those above.
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An automated calibration method, designed for optical microscopes, may find a home in head mounted display units and heads-up augmented reality systems.
One of the greatest problems with tomography based medical scanners, is what happens when the patient moves (breathes, or pumps blood). The distortion that occurs in each slice has long been correctable, but takes a long time to correct. With near-instant correction now possible, real-time medical scanning is starting to look like a true possibility.
Optogenetics as a field of study, is only a few years old but already a means has been found to make use of it in living brains. Light-detecting proteins combined with gene therapy and an optical neuroprosthetic with a BrainGate style 3D array allow true two-way communication between the brain and a computer system.
This still from Chrysalis shows a very different method of locking and unlocking your front door than we are used to. There is no key and no key hole. Instead, what there is is a retinal scanner embedded in the door level with the average head. Peer in and if it recognises you, it unlocks. If not, there is nothing to pick.
Zebrafish are handy little critters, as far as neuroscience goes. These tiny, mostly transparent little fish have brains that whilst greatly simplified, have a structure remarkably similar in basic form, to our own. Add in that aforementioned near-transparency, and it becomes possible under the correct lighting conditions, to literally see right into their brains, to the point where you can practically watch as a thought takes place.
Virtual sight devices, sometimes termed virtual light, are a class of display system which is a mix of AR, prosthetics, and VR. They have no actual display units as such, and completely bypass the human eye. Instead, they tap into the optical nerve directly, and deliver processed information to the neurons heading into the brain.
A study conducted to understand how flies and bees can navigate so precisely using just natural sunlight, has interesting implications for machine vision, and adding additional sense-based navigation systems to UAVs and UGVs without adding the weight or cost of any extra hardware.
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Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a new diagnostic imaging method, called optical frequency-domain imaging (OFDI). OFDI is designed to supplement OCT, or optical coherence tomography, another display method being ...
A new process of 3D eye scanning will detail the eye in one tenth of the time it takes standard scanning procedures, holding the potential to drastically reduce costs, and waiting times, opening up eye scans to a far higher number of patien...
Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have miniaturized a children's toy into a tiny motor that could one day power medical devices or harvest solar energy. The device, called a radiometer, is based on a classical light-powered,...
An optical memory chip that senses, stores and then displays the light it has received has sent a buzz around the imaging spheres.
"We've never seen anything like this before," says Trevor Whittley, an expert in optical de...
One quantum mind theory, proposed by physicist Roger Penrose and anesthesiologist Stuart Hamerhoff, is called ?orchestrated objective reduction? (Orch OR). The theory suggests that microtubules, which are structural components inside cells,...