An optogenetic microdevice is an as-yet theoretical neuroprosthetic implant, which utilises an optogenetic connection ? light based brain interface ? to connect with the neurons in surrounding brain tissue.
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A new tack in neuroprosthetic interfaces is being born out of pulses of light rather than electricity. Termed 'optogenetic neuromodulation, the technique is being pioneered in the hope that it will enable a far greater level of accuracy and single-cell stimulation than is possible with electrode interfaces.
A proof of concept set of experiments demonstrates that with the aid of optogenetic neuroprosthetics, memory transferance between individuals is actually possible. This proof of concept also means that encoding downloadable knowledge as a set of memory engram activation patterns is at least possible.
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Researchers at four institutions, led by Stanford University and Brown University, have begun an effort with more than $14 million of federal funding to learn both how the brain and its microcircuitry react to sudden physiological changes a...
The world's smallest chess board ? about the diameter of four human hairs ? and a pea-sized microbarbershop were winners in this year's design contest for, respectively, novel and educational microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), held at...
A technique that uses light-activated proteins to stimulate particular brain cells and positron emission tomography (PET) scans to trace their effects throughout the entire brain of fully-awake, moving animals has been developed by U.S. Dep...
Sepsis, an infection of the blood, can quickly overwhelm the body's defenses and is responsible for more than 200,000 deaths per year in the U.S. alone. Premature newborns and people with weakened immune systems are especially vulnerable. ...
Researchers at Medtronic are developing a prototype neural implant that uses light to alter the behavior of neurons in the brain. The device is based on the emerging science of optogenetic neuromodulation, in which specific brain cells are ...