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|Resource List: The BrainGate: Neuralprosthetic Development since 2004
|Neural Prosthetic devices. Literally an artificial extension embedded in the brain, have actually been around for over 50 years.
However, little progress was made for most of that time, as funding was negligable, and the brain not really understood. The advent of the CyberKinetics BrainGate chip in April 2004 changed all that, with the first demonstratable and replicatable success in controlling a computer by thought alone.
An off-site resource from the first time theBrainGate neuroprosthetic surfaced, back in April 2004, containing basic details about its possibilities.
Proof of Neuralprosthetic feasability
The first press report to announce that utilising arrays of electrodes in the brain as a control interface for external devices is actually possible.
Mind Machine Interface Infancy
Published news of researchers at Washington University in St. Louis, USA using an ECoG grid on human subjects. ECoG is an anacronym for electrocorticographic, and literally means attaching electrodes directly to the surface of the brain to monitor and affect data.
Machine Reads Abstract Thought
For the first time, signals from the brain to parts of the body were accurately decoded and replicated, signalling the start of a field of study that will ultimately be able to decode and reproduce any bodily movement artificially, and transmit the correct data back.
Paralysed man sends e-mail by thought
The first long-term human trial of an advanced BrainGate 100 pin array, implanted in a man's head for three months, was successful. The paralysed man could use a computer, send email, and change the television channel with a thought alone.
Scientists Detail Latest Advances In Development Of Prosthetic Devices For Paralyzed
A press release from October 2004, detailing the state of affairs in Neuralprosthetic research across the board.
Advent of the Robotic Monkeys
November 2004, and and the first big leap in neuralprosthetics to control limbs is made. A monkey reaches for a banana, using a robotic limb which it is consciously aware is a part of its own body and is able to use as such, exactly as if it was born with three arms and two legs, with its brain adapting easilly to the extra limb.
Cyberkinetics inks research collaboration deal with Brown University
External link of the company behind BrainGate, teaming up with Brown university in the states to increase development resources and avenues for neuralprosthetic technology.
ALS Patients Offered Access to Cyberkinetics' BrainGate System
External link to Press Release on the possibility of using neuralprosthesis to mitigate the effects of brain disease by replacing damaged functions artificially. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease) is the target. This affects the motor neurons which control movement - an area neuralprosthesis have already had medical success in.
Cyberkinetics Provides Update on BrainGate System Pilot Clincal Trials
A press release issued by CyberKinetic Incorporated, mid February 2006 provided an update on the two clinical trials of the BrainGate system on humans. The first trial was for those with quadriplegia due to spinal cord injury, stroke or muscular dystrophy; and the second was for those diagnosed with ALS or other motor neuron diseases.
Brain-Computer Interfaces Continue to refine: Speech
June 2006, CyberKinetics incorporated announce the success of their various trials of the BrainGate system.
Piloting a wheelchair with the power of the mind
Cyberkinetics unveil their next refinement for the BrainGate: new filtering software capable of radically increasing the fidelity of control on a BrainGate system. They announce a new interface in partnership with Rolltalk, for precise brain signal controls through their technology. The new interface is to be tested in monkeys by the end of 2006.