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Site Shop > From Animals to Animats: Issue 3: Proceedings of SAB'94
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Animals to Animats is a conference. It is held every two years, at various locations around the world, and brings together researchers from ethology, psychology, ecology, artificial intelligence, artificial life, robotics, engineering, and many other related fields, seeking to bind the disciplines together, and take animal cognition from the natural world, recreating it in alife.

The goal of the conferences is to drive understanding and ability to reproduce the behaviours and underlying mechanisms that allow natural and synthetic agents (animats) to adapt and survive in uncertain environments.

In short, starting with natural animal behaviour, transferring that to alife, in order to recreate adaptive, reasoning, and even natural intelligent behaviour of non-humans to artificially created animals and servant agents who can then adapt to changing environments without being explicitly programmed to.

These books each hold the complete set of papers successfully chosen by the conference in that year. As is usual with products of this type, where possible we link to or host the papers presented. If this has been possible, the paper name will be a link.



From SAB90 to SAB94: Four Years of Animat Research

Jean-Arcady Meyer and Agnes Guillot

Mechanism and Process in Animal Behavior: Models of Animals, Animals as Models

Herbert L. Roitblat

Coherent Behavior from Many Adaptive Processes

Rodney A. Brooks

Stability in Adaptation and Learning

Jean-Jacques E. Slotine


Modeling the Role of Cerebellum in Prism Adaptation

Michael A. Arbib, Nicolas Schweighofer, and W. T. Thach

Robotic Experiments in Cricket Phonotaxis

Barbara Webb

How to Watch Your Step: Biological Evidence and an Initial Model

Patrick R. Green

On Why Better Robots Make It Harder

Tim Smithers

Insect Vision and Olfaction: Different Neural Architectures for Different
Kinds of Sensory Signal?

D. Osorio, Wayne M. Getz, and Jurgen Rybak

The Interval Reduction Strategy for Monitoring Cupcake Problems

Paul R. Cohen, Marc S. Atktin and Eric A. Hansen

Visual Control of Altitude and Speed in a Flying Agent

Fabrizo Mura and Nicolas Franceschini


What Is Cognitive and What Is Not Cognitive?

Frederick Toates

Action-Selection in Hamsterdam: Lessons from Ethology

Bruce Blumberg

Behavioral Dynamics of Escape and Avoidance: A Neural Network Approach

Nestor A. Schmajuk

Organizing an Animat's Behavioural Repertoires Using Kohonen Feature Maps

Nigel Ball

Action Selection for Robots in Dynamic Environments through Inter- Behaviour

Michael K. Sahota


An Hierarchical Classifier System Implementing a Motivationally Autonomous

Jean-Yves Donnart and Jean-Arcady Meyer

Using Second Order Neural Connections for Motivation of Behavioral Choices

Gregory M. Werner


Spatial Learning and Representation in Animats

Tony J. Prescott

Location Recognition in Rats and Robots

William D. Smart and John Hallam

Emergent Functionality in Human Infants

Julie C. Rutkowska

Connectionist Environment Modelling in a Real Robot

William Chesters and Gillian Hayes

A Hybrid Architecture for Learning Continuous Environmental Models in Maze

A. G. Pipe, T. C. Fogarty, and A. Winfield

A Place Navigation Algorithm Based on Elementary Computing Procedures and
Associative Memories

Simon Benhamou, Pierre Bovet, and Bruno Poucet

Self-Organizing Topographic Maps and Motor Planning

Pietro Morasso and Vittorio Sanguineti

The Effect of Memory Length on the Foraging Behavior of a Lizard

Sharoni Shafir and Jonathan Roughgarden


The Blind Breeding the Blind: Adaptive Behavior without Looking

Peter M. Todd, Stewart W. Wilson, Anil B. Somayaji, and Holly A. Yanco

Memoryless Policies: Theoretical Limitations and Practical Results

Michael L. Lithnan


A Comparison of Q-Learning and Classifier Systems

Marco Dorigo and Hugues Bersini

Paying Attention to What's Important. Using Focus of Attention to Improve
Unsupervised Learning

Leonard N. Foner and Pattie Maes

Learning Efficient Reactive Behavioral Sequences from Basic Reflexes in a
Goal-Directed Autonomous Robot

Jose del R. Millan

The Importance of Leaky Levels for Behavior-Based AI

Gregory M. Saunders, John F. Kolen, and Jordan B. Pollack

A Topological Neural Map for On-Line Learning: Emergence of Obstade Avoidance
in a Mobile Robot

Philippe Gaussier and Stephane Zrehen

Reinforcement Tuning of Action Synthesis and Selection in a 'Virtual Frog'

Simon Giszter

Achieving Rapid Adaptations in Robots by Means of External Tuition

Ulrich Nehmzow and Brendan McGonigle

Two-Link-Robot Brachiation with Connectionist Q-Learning

Fuminori Saito and Toshio Fukuda

An Architecture for Learning to Behave

Ashley M. Aitken

Reinforcement Learning for Homeostatic Endogenous Variables

Hugues Bersini

An Architecture for Representing and Learning Behaviors by Trial and Error

Pascal Blanchet

A Distributed Adaptive Control System for a Quadruped Mobile Robot

Bruce L. Digney and M. M. Gupta

Reinforcement Learning with Dynamic Covering of State-Action Space:Partitioning

Remi Munos and Jocelyn Patinel

The Five Neuron Trick: Using Classical Conditioning to Learn How to Seek Light

Tom Scutt

Adaptation in Dynamic Environments through a Minimal Probability of Exploration

Gilles Venturini


Integrating Reactive, Sequential, and Learning Behavior Using Dynamical Neural

Brian Yamauchi and Randall Beer

Seeing the Light: Artificial Evolution, Real Vlsion

Inman Haruey, Phil Husbands, and Daue Cliff

Evolution of Corridor Following Behavior in a Noisy World

Craig W. Reynolds

Protean Behavior in Dynamic Games: Arguments for the Co-Evolution of Pursuit-Evasion

Geoffrey F. Miller and Dave Cliff

Automatic Creation of an Autonomous Agent: Genetic Evolution of a Neural-Network
Driven Robot

Dario Floreano and Francesco Mondada

The Effect of Parasitism on the Evolution of a Communication Protocol in an
Artificial Life Simulation

Phil Robbins


Towards Robot Cooperation

David McFarland

A Case Study in the Behavior-Oriented Design of Autonomous Agents

Luc Steels

Learning to Behave Socially

Maja J. Mataric

Signalling and Territorial Agression: An Investigation by Means of Synthetic
Behavioral Ecology

Peter de Bourcier and Michael Wheeler

Integration of Reactive and Telerobotic Control in Multi-Agent Robotic Systems

Ronald C. Arkin and Khaled S. Ali

MINIMEME: Of Life and Death in the Noosphere

Stephane Bura

Learning Coordinated Motions in a Competition for Food between Ant Colonies

Masao Kubo and Yukinori Kakazu


Emergent Colonization and Graph Partitioning

Pascale Kuntz and Dominique Snyers

Diversity and Adaptation in Populations of Clustering Ants

Erik D. Lumer and Baldo Faieta


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