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Resource List:  2005 Timeline: Advances in AR
A chronicle of some of the major advances in Augmented Reality hardware and software which took place in 2005.


Linked resource January: Hospital Care by Video Camera

As a result of developments in mid-2004, an expanding number of hospitals startto use remote surveilance on patients. This allows critical-care doctors and nurses to monitor dozens of patients at different hospitals simultaneously, from one central location, easing staffing issues and starting the new age of AR medicare - where physical location is less and less of an issue.





Locally Hosted resource January: Ambulances May Get Virtual Doctors

First steps made in bringing the hospital to the crash site - prototype virtual doctor system first fitted in ambulances.





Locally Hosted resource January: New CAD System Detects Colon Polyps in Colons

In a breakthrough for colonoscopy (intestinal probing) a new imaging system is developed which is able to find an unprecedented number of polyps (dangerous growths) without invasive surgery, by contour-mapping the colon.





Locally Hosted resource January: A robot in every home?

A prototype next-generation "leisure robot" Robosapien V2 debuted at the 2005 Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.





Linked resource January: First biochip created

The MetaChip is born, first of what would soon become a vast outpouring of fluid-based 'chips' that can detect and analyse any compound they are programmed to, in hours instead of days.





Locally Hosted resource February: Augmented Reality Position Tech hits

In a major leap forwards for AR development, Oxford University's Department of Engineering Science produces an AR camera system that can analyse a physical environment in real-time, with no pre-processing, work out where the objects are, what shape and size they are, and factor in collision detection between the virtual and physical. All AR integration systems since then, build on this technology.





Locally Hosted resource February: The man with the RFID arm

Joseph Krull, an executive at Flanders, N.J.-based Virtual Corporation, had a doctor stick an RFID tag from VeriChip under his skin on Jan. 10. The residual blemish amounts to a small red dot. rull, for his part, got the chip for medical purposes. He's allergic to two medicines and has a small metal plate below his left eye that had to be put in following a skiing accident. By sweeping a reader over the chip, a doctor in an emergency could get a 16-digit password, which in turn would let the doctor access a Web site that would give the hospital Krull's name, regular doctor, emergency contact and other information.





Locally Hosted resource February: Embracing the Artificial Limb

A group of scientists from Brown University, MIT and the Providence VA Medical Center in Providence, Rhode Island started work on the ongoing project to create robocop-style, hot-swappable limbs.





Locally Hosted resource March: Artificial cochlea tells tones apart

Researchers from the University of Michigan constructed a hydromechanical device the size of and emulating the basic function of the cochlea structure of the mammalian ear.





Locally Hosted resource April: 'Bionic eye' may help reverse blindness

A bionic eye, successfully tested in rats, starts development for human eyes.





Locally Hosted resource April: Touching Molecules With Your Bare Hands

A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute develop a new way of looking at and interacting with molecules so small that they cannot be seen even with the world?s most powerful microscopes - touch them.





Locally Hosted resource April: GPS-enabled school uniforms hit Japan

A new school blazer launches in Japan, incorporating RFID and GPS technology. This allows parents, or schools to track a child?s location at all times, for peace of mind and security.





Locally Hosted resource May: Just like the Physical activity

The future of video-conferencing in Singapore could well look like the holographic message that Princess Leia gave to Obi-Wan Kenobi in the Star Wars movie. Mixed reality becomes the new buzzword for augmented reality, and several new labs spring up worldwide to compete to bring things closer.





Locally Hosted resource May: Scooba Robotic Mop

Robot Corp, makers of the Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner, introduce a prototype of the Scooba floor washer.





Locally Hosted resource June: The machine that can copy anything

The first prototype instant assembly line is unveiled, the first machine in a continuing effort to remove the cost of building new manufacturing facilities from the pace of technological change.





Locally Hosted resource June: Relief From Pin-Pricking - diabetes sensor on the skin

Glucon Inc. create a watch-like device that reads blood glucose levels without the need to stick, poke, or prick the skin.





Locally Hosted resource June: Scientists develop artificial eye

German researchers from the RWTH Aachen University create an artificial eye by means of augmented reality technology. A tiny video camera affixed to a specially designed pair of glasses transmits a continuous stream of video to a decoder umplant affixed to the retina at the back of the eyeball.





Locally Hosted resource June: Robot runs like humans

For the past couple of years and for the first time, researchers making walking robots have used mathematical models of the way walking works. Earlier this year this work resulted for the first time in robots that can walk like humans. Reminements to that have produced robots that can walk, and run.





Locally Hosted resource June: Space station gets HAL-like computer

Clarissa was designed as an aid to the astronauts who found it understandably difficult to page through instruction books whilst performing the twelve thousand regular maintenance tests to keep the station spaceworthy. "Just try to analyse a water sample while scrolling through pages of a procedure manual displayed on a computer monitor while you and the computer both float in microgravity," says US astronaut Michael Fincke, who spent six months on the station in 2004.





Locally Hosted resource July: Augmented reality brings maps to life

Researchers Tom Drummond, Gerhard Reitmayr and Ethan Eade, at Cambridge University, UK, developed a system which augments a paper tabletop map with additional information by projecting it onto the map?s surface.





Locally Hosted resource July: Bionic Knee Hits Market

A new prosthetic knee, developed using MIT research has hit the market. Rheo-Knee utilises cutting edge artificial intelligence, and is equipped with tiny sensors that analyze the knee 1,000 times per second allowing it to adjust to any step or misstep.





Locally Hosted resource July: Japanese develop 'female' android

Japanese scientists unveil the most human-looking robot yet devised - a female android they have named Repliee Q1.





Locally Hosted resource July: Robot Hummer hits milepost in driverless challenge

Carnegie Mellon's Sandstorm--an artificially intelligent, robotic car with drive-by-wire modifications, GPS and radar sensors, drove itself for 200 miles, or 131 laps around a 1.5-mile racetrack.





Locally Hosted resource July: Fujitsu Debuts Bendable Electronic Paper

Fujitsu creates bendable electronic paper in full colour, which displays vivid colour images that are unaffected even when the screen is bent, and features an image memory function ? the power can be disconnected and the last image displayed will stay.





Locally Hosted resource July: Augmented reality brings maps to life

Researchers Tom Drummond, Gerhard Reitmayr and Ethan Eade, at Cambridge University, UK, developed a system which augments a paper tabletop map with additional information by projecting it onto the map?s surface.





Locally Hosted resource July: Bionic Knee Hits Market

A new prosthetic knee, developed using MIT research hit the market. Rheo-Knee utilises cutting edge artificial intelligence, and is equipped with tiny sensors that analyze the knee 1,000 times per second allowing it to adjust to any step or misstep.





Locally Hosted resource September: Child-Shaped Robot Set for Debut in Japan

A child-shaped humanoid robot that can recognise about 10,000 words and theoretically work as a house sitter went on sale.





Locally Hosted resource September: DARPA Grand Challenge

Stanford University's Racing Team has accomplished a historic feat, finishing first place in the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, 131.5 miles of artificial-intelligence driven car racing. This was the first year the Grand Challenge was completed, and this year even the worst robot performed better than last year's best.





Locally Hosted resource October: Bionic Quest for Bol?ro

The story of Michael Chorost, a man who fought to revolutionise artificial hearing is published.





Locally Hosted resource November: OFRO - First Outdoor Security Patrol Robot

Designed by RoboWatch Technologies, OFRO is the first mobile security robot worldwide for outdoor surveillance. Deployed in large outdoor areas, OFRO protects humans, goods and facilities around the clock regardless of the weather.





Locally Hosted resource November: New "Chip" Could Provide Quick Bird Flu Test

Testing for the existence of specific compounds/strains of disease on a chip-like system is a very new field, less than a couple of years old. However, it offers a radical improvemnt to standard lab testing - a sample can be tested there and then, on-site, radically reducing the time taken to get a diagnosis. In this case, dropping from days to hours.





Locally Hosted resource December: HAL bionic suit going to market

HAL, Hybrid Assistive Limb version 5, is finally making it to mass production after a ten year development cycle.