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Resource Database > Alternate Lives
Related information is also held in the following Categories:
Virtual Output | Virtual Body | Coding and Framework | Legal | Neuroprosthetics | Grasping The Emotions | Roleplay | Avatars and Personification | Augmenting Virtual Existence
 
Alternate lives. Sometimes to experiment, sometimes to escape the hell a life has become, sometimes just a new way of experiencing things. That experience can be of life as a differing social position, differing gender, a differing species, or anything the mind can imagine.

Fundamentally, there is no reason why an alternate life cannot become as real as any other type of life. As social VR, and total immersion technologies mature, the desire for an alternate life, may only be matched by the capability to provide, and survive, in such.


Sections


Immerse too Deeply? (15)

Is it possible to immerse too deeply within a world, to the point perhaps, where you forget which is which?
Applicable Dictionary Entries:  
Gibson Matrix
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Book Quotes: Death Through Unplugging?
This short, but potent quote from the book “Mona Lisa Overdrive” is part of a major plot arc of the book, in which a young man has had himself completely wired into a full-body life support system whilst spending multiple years in VR. It asks the sobering question 'what happens to him if his input is violently ripped out?'

This film is a poinant reminder of the dangers of over-immersion. Not a threat just yet, it will be one day, and this whole film is a look at what happens when the virtual becomes so real that we can't tell the difference any more - albeit in a very disturbed virtual reality.



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Identity Theft and Mudding
In an environment where identity is fluid, what are the pitfalls of assuming the identity of another? This article helps with several case studies, and the degree of real legal trouble the person can get into.

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Large Image Display: Animatrix: World Record: Logging out through Will Alone
A valuable lesson on the necessity of both allowing a safety layer for subconscious desire to log out of a full immersive VR, and a reminder why transitions are not just pretty, they are a health and stress saver.

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Last Man on Earth
A humerous story, set forth in the future, comparing the points of view of existence of a person outside of VR and wandering the physical world to those of a lifelong denizen of VR, freshly (and accidentally) awoken.

Linked resource
Love at the Prompt
A somewhat dated article now, still relevant, if using outdated examples, of the power of alternate, digital lives over the physical one.

The sequel to ?The Matrix and Philosophy: Welcome to the Desert of the Real?, this book continues the work of the first, by mediating on the nature of existence, using the film The Matrix, and the simulation of total reality as a frame of reference.



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Nation of Fools
A hypothetical situation of a 'nation' of people hooked into VR, and have been that way their whole lives. Every action they do, is done from the virtual, and for them, this article argues, nothing IS virtual.

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People conform to the norm – whether that norm is physical or virtual
Industry News

Industry news, originally posted in January 2015, deemed too important to be allowed to fade. Often enough it is human nature to conform. This tendency makes us follow the lead of computers, even if the machines give us the wrong advice. This is the finding of a study in Springer’s journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review that investigates how people make judgment calls after interacting within a virtual environment.

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Scientific Realism
Theory of Objects taken to its scientific extreme says that every real object has physical properties that do this,that, and the other. This opposing argument for virtual objects as being the same, points out that everything we 'know' about many physical objects is actually inferred from theory, and we 'know' little at all.

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The life of a mud player
An interesting psychological article that looks at the role reversal between someone?s physical life and someone?s virtual life as they start to spend more time in the virtual than in the physical. It has particular emphasis for gameworlds, so many of the points do not really apply to worlds whose purpose is to improve quality of life.

An introduction to philosophy book, third in the ?Popular Culture and Philosophy? series, The Matrix and Philosophy is a collection of essays that mediate on the nature of existence, using the film The Matrix, and the simulation of total reality as a frame of reference.



US and Canada region DVD of Tron; The first Hollywood film to feature computer mediated reality. Set in a cyberpunk-alike environment, Flynn, a programmer at a major software firm, is fired for all the wrong reasons. He sends Tron, a program written by himself into the computer mediated world to find evidence to vindicate himself.



UK, South Africa, Middle East, and Europe region DVD of Tron; The first Hollywood film to feature computer mediated reality. Set in a cyberpunk-alike environment, Flynn, a programmer at a major software firm, is fired for all the wrong reasons. He sends Tron, a program written by himself into the computer mediated world to find evidence to vindicate himself.





Social MMOs (9)

A relatively new class of world, less than a decade old. Social massively multi-participant worlds are there to allow you to form a life within the virtual, totally separate from anything physical.

3DEE is a social worlds system based on the ActiveWorlds codebase. Like all systems based on this code, it looks and feels a bit dated, which hides the power of the codebase.



Planet Virtu?l in many ways, attempts to be an ideal virtual environement for online socialisation with limited technology. Its environment, particularly friendly to dial-up users, exhibits freedom of expression at every turn.



It can be hard to truly explain the focus of a complex worlds system in a single article; this semi-slideshow format is designed to give you an overview in easilly digestible, bitesize chunks.



in early June 2006 ActiveWorlds incorporated launched the 4.1 upgradeto the ActiveWorlds codebase. Nearly ten months past the official launch date, and four years since the last major upgrade, does this new codebase live up to the hopes of its patrons?



Dreamland Park is a collection of virtual environments under a single banner. Based off of the ActiveWorlds codebase, it houses a collection of nearly a hundred virtual environments owned by various members, and built on a great number of differing themes.



Moove is an interconnected virtual environment that makes no pretences about its purpose. It is designed for intimacy, romance and love. A community driven, grid computing, sprawling complex whose one goal is to foster friendships and lead to romantic engagements.



PeaceCity 3D is an ActiveWorlds codebase based social VR platform. A single graphical world with its own installation program ? rare for an ActiveWorlds world, it is 750 metres wide and five kilometres long, which immediately sets it apart from the pack.


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Pre Launch: Sony?s Home
Home, is Sony Corporation's current answer to the phenomenon of virtual worlds. Running solely on their Playstation Three console. It is hoped that when Home launches in late 2007, it will provide a true attraction, and a basic snow crash styled VR system that can expand and grow.


From the creators of ToonTown, comes Disney's second attempt at a MMO. It is hard to believe this clunky, cludgy, yet graphically brilliant isometric world actually came from the same firm. Virtual Magic Kingdom is Disney?s attempt to put their ?Magic Kingdom? theme park online.




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Valid Reality (23)

Synthetic or virtual reality has a lot of detractors. However, there is no fundamental limit preventing it from being a full-fledged valid reality for those desiring a life alternate to the physical one.
Applicable Dictionary Entries:  
Extended IdentityGibson Matrix
The Simulation Argument

My Tiny Life: Crime and Passion in a virtual world is a book with surprising depths. A book about events within a single virtual world, it is actually far more than that. Almost a reference book for the trials and perils that await you, once you embark on life within one



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Augmenting Virtual Environments with Physical Stats
When you are engaged in a virtual recreation of a physical event, particularly sporting events, and you think you are getting quite good. It could be a huge boost to the ego, or a crippling slap, to find yourself suddenly competing with the world's greatest in that sport, using their latest data.

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Biometric Escapism
A short musing, based on a book quote as to the plausible future of social VR requiring biometric identification for all users.

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Cities XL
Gameindustry.biz take a look at Cities XL, Monte Cristo's ambitious product, attempting to combine a traditional city-simulation game with massively multiplayer online functionality, giving players the option to take part in a global, entirely player-dependent global economy.

Computerised Virtual Worlds have been around in one form or another for forty years. They have grown from mere lab curiosities, into full-fledged digital spaces. The technology to experience them marching relentlessly forwards all that time. Now, we have reached a tipping point. Virtual life has exploded out of the culture of online gaming and is seen as a recognised way of life.



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Hyper-connected generation rises
A report from the BBC on the rise and rise, and rise of the [first] Internet generation, and at how social networking and virtual worlds are basically an integral part of life now, for many.

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Large Image Display: Animatrix: Beyond: Fixing a Problem
An image from Animatrix, of Agents driving a truck full of supplies to seal a glitch in the matrix, and a reasoned explanation of why they had to drive there, rather than just appearing. This likely has implications for actual, highly complex VRs as well.

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Large Image Display: AWGate 5.0: Islands in the Sky
This screenshot is of the ActiveWorlds Gateway world version 5.0, which went online on November the 26th 2009. Here we see a view across the laputa, or flying island that the world is styled as, to the far side of the island, where two more such laputa are flying in the sky behind this one.

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Large Image Display: AWGate 5.0: One Floating Island Amoung Many
Here we see the floating island or laputa motif that is common throughout this world. One of the smaller laputa, fairly close to this one, can be seen slowly drifting on the currents of the air - not like a balloon, but with the sly deliberateness of a storm, or a very large and heavy chunk of rock.

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Podcast: David Perry on videogames - Will videogames become better than life?
This podcast is a talk by game designer David Perry, on how games will become more than games in the relatively near future. Virtual realities will be created which for some, are more meaningful than life.

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Podcast: Virtual Guantanamo
A short video report of research progress by the University of California at Berkeley, on illustrating human rights through the medium of VR, focusing on Gone Gitmo, a virtual installation of Guant?namo in Second Life.


A slide from the presentation Introduction to Virtual Reality which bears repeating independently, when it comes to virtual or augmented senses versus 'natural'.


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Randy Pausch: Last Lecture
On Sept. 18, 2007, Carnegie Mellon University lecturer Randy Pausch, dying of pancreatic cancer, gave his last lecture.


What senses are needed to make a world a world? Is it any less a world if we cannot see it, cannot smell it, cannot touch and taste it? At what point do we experience too few sensory inputs to judge a world a world?


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The Laputa and VR
The laputa is a very old concept. Coming straight from Gulliver's Travels, by Jonathan Swift, Laputa is a large part of the third tale. It is a flying island, one of the original such. A kingdom complete and unto itself, with almost no need of the world beyond. Thus, Laputa is almost analogous to a virtual world of modern and near future times.

Linked resource
The Simulation Argument: Why the Probability that You Are Living in a Matrix is Quite High
The film "The Matrix" Promoted a lot of philosophical musing on the nature of reality. One philosopher, Nick Bostrom, postulated 'the Simulation Argument', the belief that the world we live in, is in fact itself a simulation, and a complex scientific proof to support the idea.

Debuting the same year as the Matrix, this gem of a VR film was sadly overshadowed by the blockbuster. Yet, it has an equally if not slightly more poignant VR concept.



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The VRT Concept
One of the problems with global, persistent, shared virtual environments, is time. More specifically, time zones. To demonstrate this problem, go to any non-roleplay virtual environment or even a simple chatroom with a fair number of participants, and ask people what the time is:

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Virtual limbs, physical brain - finally a possibility
Industry News

Industry news, originally posted 14-10-2003, deemed too important to allow to fade. In a pioneering experiment, control chips were grafted into the nervous systems of two monkeys, who were then able to demonstrate controlling virtual limbs simply with their thoughts. The research is one of the first steps to being able to control a virtual body, in just the same way as a physical one.

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Why Make a Matrix? And Why You Might Be In One
Revisiting the Simulation Argument, and an essay on why detailed, immersive simulations on the scale of the Matrix movie might be built, the philosophy of whether or not you are living in one right now, and realistic explanation for many of the common expected fallicies of this argument.



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Making a Living Virtually (13)

Applicable Dictionary Entries:  
Bank SitterDupe
Extended IdentityGold Farming
Loot WhoreTelecommuting
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22-Year-Old Gamer Pays US $26,500 For Virtual Real Estate
Industry News

A press release from Late December 2004, featuring $26,500 US paid at auction for a virtual reality island within the bounds of social MMO Project Entropia. At the time, this was the largest single purchase ever made, indicating the cash potential of the market.

Linked resource
Engineering Everquest
A long and comprehensive piece about the MMORPG Everquest, the company behind it, and how this ageing behemoth is both staying fresh, and doing more to pressurise the growth of home computing power than anything else, for its 600,000 subscribers.

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Gamer Pays $100,000 Us For A Virtual Resort
Industry News

October 2005, and Project Entropia hits the headlines forthe second time in a row, this time for $100,000 us paid for a VR-only space station, further demonstrating the potential for money making in modern virtual landscapes by the very fact it was keenly purchased as investment.

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Man pays $100,000 for virtual resort
A Cnet based overview of Jon Jacobs, purchaser of the $100,000 usd virtual spacestation in Project Entropia, and details of why Jacobs fully expects to earn $1.6 million usd a year from the purchase.

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Mugging ? on a Massive Virtual Scale
Industry News

News from the 18th of August 2005, the first recorded case of a man arrested for mugging a great many people in a virtual world - and then taking their virtual goods, and selling them wholesale on an auction website. Industrial grade mugging - in a virtual world.

Linked resource
The Tech Lab: Lesley Gavin
BT futurologist Lesley Gavin looks ahead to a time when real and virtual worlds mix as easily as making a mobile phone call.

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Unwell in Flesh, Successful in Mind
A look at a quote from Count Zero, and on the likely reality of successful businesspeople living divorced from malfunctioning bodies, in ways they could never hope to leverage to be successful, today.



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Immersing Totally (27)

Engaging wholly within the alternate existence provided by virtual form; casting off as much of the original as technology allows, and embracing the virtual. Is this even possible?
Applicable Dictionary Entries:  
Bishop Berkeley in a CybermallExtended Identity
Gibson Matrix
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A Virtual Life: A half-life?
A sobering quote from Count Zero which does make you think. Even for those of us keen to experience life through the virtual as the great equalizer, unless we hit the point where VR is literally everywhere, with AR and physical life hopelessly intermingled and intertwined, a life solely through VR is always going to be a life at disadvantage, when interacting with others, who get to live in both.

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Are developers just thick, or something?
An interesting spin of an article, this starts out looking at virtual worlds from the average participant?s perspective, pointing out all the desires and frustrations of the userbase with the speed of apparent technological development of the multiverse. Then spins that on its head and neatly answers those questions with the hard truths those of us who work with them are well aware of.

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Book Quotes: Form Without Presence
A look at a simple yet profound quote of Arthur C Clarke's on connecting a remote waldo to your body such that you would not know the difference, and our thoughts on just how that would be accomplished practically.

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Book Quotes: Net Addiction
Net addiction side-effects. Not too dissimilar to drug withdrawal side effects when deprived of access to the net. Yet, is there a better way to circumvent the problem, than simply depriving individuals of a conduit they so often need, to salvage their mental health?

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Book Quotes: Net Coma
When a person becomes truly totally immersed in any VR environment, their physical body almost ceases to be a part of them. The more senses are subsumed by the synthetic reality, the less connection the brain feels to the original body.

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Book Quotes: Sensation of Reality Switching
This beautiful imagery has been replicated countless times in TV and film depictions of VR; attempts to describe the shift in sensations from the physical world, to an awakening in the virtual which at once makes it clear that this is a transition between realities.

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Book Quotes: Talking Heads
The concept of a talking head is one recognised in current VR development. It appears as either a waldo that can be controlled remotely, or an AI controlled personality.

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Book Quotes: Virtual Perfect Health
A quote from a cyberpunk novel has profound implications which stand up to scrutiny for actual sensory replacement. The ability to give the feeling of having a good body, of being physically fit, well, and beautiful to someone who is perhaps none of the above, would be a tremendous killer application, and perhaps extremely habit forming.

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Changing Self Perspective with VR
A key set of experiments building on the rubber hand illusion, have opened the floodgates for full sensory immersion - proving that the brain will identify with the body it perceives itself to be in, not necessarily the body it is housed in.

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Confirmation: Any Tool is viewed as a Temporary Body Part
With the number of rubber body(part) studies that have been done, each showing that if it looks to be a body part, and feels like a body part, the brain accepts it as a body part, this research should also hold no surprises. We finally have direct proof of the concept that, when we utilize any tool, even for a scant few minutes, our brains integrate that tool into our self-body-image.

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Emotion Critical to Memory Retention
According to a study led by psychologists at the University of Toronto, the differences in human memory are triggered by the varying levels of emotional involvement in that memory's formation. In order to remember an experience in a full and lasting manner, emotional involvement is absolutely critical.

This ten year old book, is a bit behind current advances, but is by no means behind the times. If anything, the changes since 1999, have only emphasised the points made in this volume, not diminished them. It argues that we are entering a virtual age, an age where information, minds themselves, are becoming divorced from their physical bodies.



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Large Image Display: Animatrix: The Second Renaissance: Zooming into the Machine
This single still is from the widescreen version of ?The Second Renaissance?, one of the Animatrix animated shorts. The full sequence encapsulates the id's version of the capabilities of VR, rather well.

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Large Image Display:Animatrix: The Second Renaissance: Mastering the Brain, to Virtually be
Here we see the end of the first machine war, in the Matrix universe. The humans have lost, badly. They were quite simply crushed under the indefatigable strength and power of the army of machines. Yet, instead of wiping their enemy out, instead we see a use very similar to the premise of the computer game Strife, or the Borg from Star Trek. It is also of course, not too dissimilar from the path we are currently on, although preferably without the war.

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Living through VR. Why?
Living life, or a sizeable portion thereof via the medium of virtual reality is a step an increasing number of people are taking. For some, the reasons for this are obvious. For others, they are not exactly obvious. This article is intended to cover a microcosm of the reasons a life lived in VR might be preferable to one lived outside VR.

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Mild Vibrations May Help in Long-Term Immersion
Muscle attrition and weight gain are two of the enemies we must contend with when contemplating long-term immersion in a virtual environment. A health support system is absolutely essential for long-term usage. Research intended to help the chronically obese would be quite easy to re-purpose towards part of such a support system, providing some of the benefits of exercise to those whose bodies simply do not wish to know, whilst their minds are occupied elsewhere.

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NASA to Study People Horizontal for Weeks
In one of those uncommon times when space travel research and virtual reality development collide, the NASA bed rest study program is designed to observe the effects of staying in bed for long periods on healthy individuals. The VR angle is it is an excellent way to gather data about extended periods with the mind plumbed into a virtual reality environment with the body just?there.

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Otherland: Is this a real place?
A lengthy quote from the book "Otherland: City of Golden Shadow", by Tad Williams, which sums up the dialectic between physical reality and virtual reality, in one of the most succinct and apt ways we have encountered.

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Second Skin, an Overview
Second Skin was a 2007 documentary about virtual worlds and their impact on people's lives. It is a documentary that could not be more polarising if it tried, and there is plenty of evidence to suggest they did exactly that.

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The Basics For A True Alternate Life
In order to create a truly alternate life, totally separate from the physical, to 'begin anew' in the virtual, and live as the person you were meant to be, rather than live with the deck of cards you were dealt when you were born, what are the very basics required?

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The Senses of Total Immersion
Total immersion in an alternate reality is as old as the human race. Quite possibly they are even older than that. Dream realities, fantasies, campsite stories, the world of a good book. All stem from the desire to experience an alternative life, a different lifestyle, to be something different, or to escape what you are.

The Emperor Workstation is a high end work/gaming console from NovelQuest, designed as one in a long line of attempts at total immersion pods.



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World of Warcraft: Is It a Game or a Life?
Msnbc takes a long, hard look at world of Warcraft, and considers whether it is in fact, a game, as is widely held, or if it is a harbinger of a truly, virtual life.

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World of World of Whatever
The following clip from Onion News Network, is an obvious spoof - its all that onion ever produce, but at the same time, this one may cut closer to the bone than perhaps we would like.



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A fully virtual Life (27)

Taking a look at just some of the possibilities for life, opened up within the possibility for alternate existence, and just what such a life might contain.
Applicable Dictionary Entries:  
Alternate LifeBishop Berkeley in a Cybermall
Eliza EffectExtended Identity
Gibson Matrix
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The importance of being there
A look at virtual worlds by BBC journalist Bill Thompson, and his feelings on how virtual environments still have a ways to go to replace our physical lives. Soundly reasoned and argued.

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Avatars consume as much electricity as Brazilians
Nick Carr's infamous blog posting on the electrical consumption of SecondLife and each avatar within it, breaking down their carbon emissions to be the same, roughly, as each person in Brazil.

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Book Quotes: Liquid Identity
Identity. As we are able to recreate it more and more inside the virtual, can we also take more and more of another's, as well?

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Book Quotes: Virtual Coffee, Virtual Limitations
A quote from Otherland: Book One Reminding us that whilst we may wish otherwise, for as long as our brains are physically outside the simulation, there are always going to be limits on how they can affect us.

The first generation of digital natives - children who were born into and raised in the digital world - are coming of age, and soon our world will be reshaped in their image. Our economy, our cultural life, even the shape of our family life will be forever transformed.



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Finding myself through online identities
BBC journalist Bill Thompson on the different recreations of self through various online systems - each allows you to fully reinvent ... you.

Linked resource
Gerri Sinclair: Time to embrace your avatar
Gerri Sinclair is a very busy futurist. She has created companies, sold them on to Fortune 500s, been a US government advisor, and taught new media. This article is basically an interview with her on her thoughts of the future of the metaverse and avatar-based life - the subject she continually founds successful ventures on.

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Information Theoretic Death
In the purely physical world, death is a straightforward thing: You are either alive, or you are not. When you add in the purely virtual, heavily interconnected worlds of cyberspace, that model changes drastically. When do you deem someone to be irredeemably dead, if part of their mind is active and self-modifying online?

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Interfacing with the Physical, via Robot
If the best way for an individual to live life, as is true for a fair segment of the population; if they desire happiness, and a life in which they are not judged for their physical shell, but for whom they are themselves, is to retreat from the physical, into the virtual, then this brings up certain challenges.

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Large Image Display: Fantasy Reality for So Many
This single still is from the widescreen version of ?Program?, one of the Animatrix animated shorts. It conceptualizes the deep ridden id desire for a better body, to be a better person ,and to have the whole world, revolve around you, and your actions.

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Raph Koster on The MMO
An interview by 'Rock, Paper, Shotgun' conducted January 2008 with legendary MMO developer Raph Koster, outlines his continuing plans for user-content creation MMOs.

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Reshaping Reality
A warning, published by Forbes, on the simple, pretty much unarguable fact that our concept of reality is changing, and changing fast. It will not be all that long before virtual and physical realities are interchangable, and little to do but prepare.


Food. It is tricky to recreate this sloppy, messy substance with so much variation in VR graphically. We are just beginning to conquer it, in prerendered VR scenes; never mind interactive VR.



Rubber hand, rubber body, rubber arm, rubber leg. Time and time again, studies have shown that even if a body part is completely fake, completely artificial, if enough of our senses tell us that it is us, then we believe it, consciously and subconsciously. This can easily be exploited by VR, such that what you perceive to be your body, IS your body, even when its really your avatar.


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Telling Reality from Fiction
An interesting study looks at how we differentiate real characters from fictional characters, and its not done the way you might think. Instead, reality and fiction are highly subjective traits, different for each individual, depending on how their reality is based.

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The Community
An unintentionally humourous decade old article from the MUD community, about how, once any VR becomes popular, the masses flood in, and all of a sudden, the fragile system you had built up collectively, is gone. Replaced by mass culture.

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The Impersonalities of Chat VR: Pros and Cons
Chat-based VR is impersonal. With the currently available levels of technology for this home-based social VR type, it has to be. Such systems are very good for communication, but if you try to go much beyond communication, into full-blown social interaction, dating, lifestyle, and well, life, you run into a problem.

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The Twilight Zone: Sixteen Millimeter Shrine
Sixteen Millimeter Shrine is an odd little episode of the Twilight Zone Very, very powerful in the way it handles the concept of escapism. Creating a new world to live in after the old, outside world becomes intolerable. Preserving the last shreds of sanity as all else falls apart. This episode speaks of the healing power of virtual worlds in all but name.

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The virtual battle of the sexes
A 2008 study of MMO players challenged the stereotype that overweight, solitary males are the only participants. The result of the study by the University of Delaware showed 40% of participants are female.

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US Seeks Virtual Environment Based Car Bombers
The predictably over-paranoid US government has begun to take its spy networks into cyberspace, targeting virtual environments for terrorist-like activity. Project codename Reynard aims to recognise "normal" behaviour in online worlds and home in on "anomalous" activity.

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Using VR to change behaviour - Beating the Bullies
The results of a 2006-2009 study on using believable VR to teach why bullying is bad have been published, and it just might have revolutionized AI along the way.

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"Cruel Doubt" on the Net
An old, but still very apt document on the issues that arrive when one member of the household really gets the joy of a VR environment ? any VR environment, and truly clicks with it. Then tries to explain it to the rest of their household, or to their offline friends and family.