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VWN Product Reviews: From Animals to Animats: Issue 1: Proceedings of SAB'90

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Proceedings of the First International Conference on Simulation of
Adaptive Behavior





Animals to Animats is a conference. Its held every two years, at various locations
around the world. It brings together researchers from ethology, psychology,
ecology, artificial intelligence, artificial life, robotics, engineering, and
many other related fields, seeking to bind the disciplines together.


The goal of the conferences is to drive understanding and ability to reproduce
the behaviours and underlying mechanisms that allow natural and synthetic agents
(animats) to adapt and survive in uncertain environments.


In short, starting with natural animal behaviour, transferring that to alife,
in order to recreate adaptive, reasoning, and even natural intelligent behaviour
of non-humans to artificially created animals and servant agents who can then
adapt to changing environments without being explicitly programmed to.


These books each hold the complete set of papers successfully chosen by the conference
in that year.

As is usual with products of this type, where possible we link to or host the
papers presented. If this has been possible, the paper name will be al ink.




CONTENTS






THE ANIMAT APPROACH


Simulation of Adaptive Behavior in Animats: Review and Prospect

Jean-Arcady Meyer and Agnes Guillot


The Animat Path to AI

Stewart W. Wilson


What It Means for Robot Behaviour to be Adaptive

David McFarland


Computational Neuroethology: A Provisional Manifesto

Dave Cliff


On the Feasibility of Computational Artificial Life--A Reply to
Critics

Harold C. Morris


The Animat and the Physician

Alexandre Parodi and Pierre Bonelli


Extended Classifiers for Simulation of Adaptive Behavior

Renaud Dumeur



PERCEPTION AND MOTOR CONTROL



Biomimetic Sonar Processing: From Dolphin Echolocation to Artificial Neural
Networks

H. L. Roitblat, P. W. B. Moore, P. E. Nachtigall, and R. H. Penner


Hierarchical Dishabituation of Visual Discrimination in Toads

DeLiang Wang and Michael A. Arbib


The Computational Hoverfly: A Study in Computational Neuroethology

Dave Cliff


Can Allied Reflexes Promote the Integration of a Robot's Behavior?

Philip Teitelbaum, Vivien C. Pellis, and Sergio M. Pellis


Coordination of Leg Movement in Walking Animals

Holk Cruse


A Biological Visuo-Motor System: How Dissimilar Maps Interact to Produce
Behavior

Gerhard Manteuffel


A Biological and Computational Stereo Vision

Stephen T. Barnard


Modeling and Simulation of Animals' Movements

Simon Benhamou and Pierre Bovet


 


COGNITIVE MAPS AND INTERNAL WORLD MODELS



Schemas for Prey-Catching in Frog and Toad

Michael A. Arbib and Alberto Cobas


Mapbuilding Using Self-Organising Networks in "Really Useful Robots"

Ulrich Nehmzow and Tim Smithers


The Contribution of Quantitative Models to The Long Distance Orientation
Problems

Marc Jamon


Navigating with a Rat Brain: A Neurobiologically-Inspired Model for Robot
Spatial Representation

Maja J. Mataric


Four Important Issues in Cognitive Mapping

W. K. Yeap and C. C. Handley


Attracting Similar Shapes Towards Each Other

Mitch R. Harris


 


MOITIVATION AND EMOTION



Ethological and Psychological Models of Motivation--Towards a Synthesis

Frederick Toates and Per Jensen


Pleasure: The Answer to Conflicting Motivations

Michel Cabanac


Machine Motivation

J. R. P. Halperin


A Possibility for Implementing Curiosity and Boredom in Model- Building
Neural Controllers

Juergen Schmidhuber


 


ACTION SELECTION AND BEHAVIORAL SEQUENCES



Instinct as an Inductive Bias for Learning Behavioral Sequences

Lashon B. Booker


A Bottom-Up Mechanism for Behavior Selection in an Artificial Creature

Pattie Maes


The Neural Basis of Behavioral Choice in an Artificial Insect

Randall D. Beer and Hillel J. Chiel


An Investigation of Two Mediation Strategies Suitable for Behavioural
Control in Animals and Animats

Martin Snaith and Owen Holland


Computer Simulation of an Animal Environment

Toby Tyrrell and John E. W. Mayhew


 


ONTOGENY AND LEARNING



Ontogeny of Preferences in Guppies (Poecilia reticulata) Exposed to Food
and Conspecifics

Pafrick W. Colgan,T. Lynne Jamieson, Janice E. Frame, and J. Terry Smith


Simulation Studies of Song Learning in Birds

James M. Williams and P. J. B. Slater


Reinforcement Learning Architectures for Animats

Richard S. Sutton


Self-Improving Reactive Agents: Case Studies of Reinforcement Learning
Frameworks

Long-Ji Lin


Exploring Adaptive Agency II: Simulating the Evolution of Associative
Learning

Peter M. Todd and Geoffrey F. Miller


Lookahead Planning and Latent Learning in a Classifier System

Rick L. Riolo


Learning Hill-Climbing Functions as a Strategy for Generating Behaviors
in a Mobile Robot

David Pierce and Benjamin Kuipers


Some Parallels Between Associative Learning and Object Classification

David R. Shanks


 


COLLECTIVE BEHAVIORS



Task Differentation in Polistes Wasp Colonies: A Model for Self- Organizing
Groups of Robots

Guy Theraulaz, Simon Goss, Jacques Gervet, and Jean- Louis Deneubourg


The Dynamics of Collective Sorting: Robot-Like Ants and Ant-Like Robots


J. L. Deneubourg, S. Goss, N. Franks, A. Sendova-Franks, C. Detrain, and
L. Chretien



EVOLUTION OF BEHAVIOR



Evolution and Co-Evolution of Computer Programs to Control Independently-Acting
Agents

John R. Koza


The Evolution of Information Gathering: Operationa1 Constraints


Cynthia Kurtz


Representations for Artificial Organisms

Robert J. Collins and David R. Jefferson


Evolving Organisms That Can Reach for Objects

Federico Cecconi and Domenico Parisi


The Artificial Evolution of Behaviour

Inman Harvey


The Rise of Interaction: Intrinsic Simulation Modeling of the Onset
of Interacting Behaviour

Fabio De Luigi and Vifforio Maniezzo



The Evolution of Behavior: Some Experiments

Jan Paredis


A Von Neumann Approach to a Genotype Explession in a Neural Animat

Dan Wood


 


ARCHITECTURES, ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES, AND FUNCTIONAL APPROACHES



Challenges for Complete Creature Architecture

Rodney A. Brooks


Cognitive Action Theory as a Control Architecture

H. L. Roitblat


Towards a Theory of Emergent Functionality

Luc Steels


Eight Principles for Building an Intelligent Robot.

David L. Waltz


Robot Ethology: A Proposal for the Research into Intelligent Autonomous
System 465

Uwe Schnepf


A Model of the Mechanisms Underlying Exploratory Behaviour

Liane M. Gabora and Patrick W. Colgan


The Causal Analysis of an Adaptive System: Sex- Ratio Decisions
as Observed in a Parasitic Wasp and Simulated by a Network Model

Marijke Vonk, Felix Putters, and Berend-Jan Velthuis


Evolution as Pattern Processing: TODO as Substrate for Evolution

P. Hogeweg and B. Hesper


Matching, Maximizing and Melioration as Alternative Descriptions
of Behaviour

Alasdair 1. Houston


An Adaptation Anomoly of a Genetic Algorithm

Yuval Davidor


Autonomous Agents, AI and Chaos Theory

George Kiss


Incrementing Intelligent Systems by Design

Brendan McGonigle


 


ANIMATS IN EDUCATION



Animal Simulations with *Logo: Massive Parallelism for the Masses

Mitchel Resnick


Lego Vehicles: A Technology for Studying Intelligent Systems

Jim Donnett and Tim Smithers


 

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