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Site Shop > From Animals to Animats: Issue 4: Proceedings of SAB'96
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Animals to Animats is a conference. It is held every two years, at various locations around the world, and brings together researchers from ethology, psychology, ecology, artificial intelligence, artificial life, robotics, engineering, and many other related fields, seeking to bind the disciplines together, and take animal cognition from the natural world, recreating it in alife.

The goal of the conferences is to drive understanding and ability to reproduce the behaviours and underlying mechanisms that allow natural and synthetic agents (animats) to adapt and survive in uncertain environments.

In short, starting with natural animal behaviour, transferring that to alife, in order to recreate adaptive, reasoning, and even natural intelligent behaviour of non-humans to artificially created animals and servant agents who can then adapt to changing environments without being explicitly programmed to.

These books each hold the complete set of papers successfully chosen by the conference in that year. As is usual with products of this type, where possible we link to or host the papers presented. If this has been possible, the paper name will be a link.



Building "Fungus Eaters": Design Principles of Autonomous Agents

Rolf Pfeifer

Human Simulation of Adaptive Behavior: Interactive Studies of Pursuit, Evasion,
Courtship, Fighting, and Play

Philip W. Blythe, Geoffrey F. Miller, and Peter M. Todd

The Engineering of Mind

James S. Albus


Self-Taught Visually-Guided Pointing for a Humanoid Robot

Matthew Marjanovic, Brian Scassellati, and Matthew Williamson

A Self-Organizing Model of the Antennal Lobes

Rainer Malaka, Stefan Schmitz, and Wayne M. Getz

Some Adaptive Movements of Animats with Single Symmetrical Sensors

Owen Holland and Chris Melhuish

Categorization in a Real-World Agent Using Haptic Exploration and Active Perception

Christian Scheier and Dimitrios Lambrinos

How to Attract Females: Further Robotic Experiments in Cricket Phonotaxis

Barbara Webb and John Hallam

Coordination in a Six-Legged Walking System: Simple Solutions to Complex Problems
by Exploitation of Physical Properties

Holk Cruse, Christian Bartling, Jeffrey Dean, Thomas Kindermann, Josef Schmitz,
Michael Schumm, and Hendrik Wagner

Orientation Behavior Using Registered Topographic Maps

Cynthia Ferrell

Locating Odor Sources in Turbulence with a Lobster Inspired Robot

Frank Grasso, Thomas Consi, David Mountain, and Jelle Atema

Dynamics for Vision-Based Autonomous Mobile Robots

Hartmut Neven, Axel Steinhage, Martin Giese, and Carsten Bruckhoff

Postural Primitives: Interactive Behavior for a Humanoid Robot Arm

Matthew M. Williamson


Action Selection Methods using Reinforcement Learning

Mark Humphrys

Towards Adaptive Behavior System Integration. Using Connectionist Infinite
State Automata

Tom Ziemke

Centrally-Generated and Reflexive Control Strategies in the Adaptive Behavior
of Real and Simulated Animals

Jim H. Belanger and Mark A. Willis

Variable Binding and Predicate Representation in a Behavior-Based Architecture

Ian Horswill

The Experimental Study and Computer Simulation of Fish Behavior in the Uniform

V. A. Nepomnyashchikh and Vera A. Gremyatchikh

Handling Time-Warped Sequences with Neural Networks

Claudia Ulbricht


How Insects Learn about the Sun's Course: Alternative Modeling Approaches

Jeffrey Dickinson and Fred Dyer

Spatial Exploration, Map Learning, and Self-Positioning with MonaLysa

Jean-Yves Donnart and Jean-Arcady Meyer

Adaptive Animat Navigation Based on a Flexibility Model for the Environment

Peter Veelaert and Herbert Peremans

Maze Navigation Using Optical Flow

Andrew P. Duchon

An Autonomous System for Extracting Fuzzy Behavioral Rules in Mobile Robotics

A. G. Pipe and A. Winfield


A New Control Architecture Combining Reactivity, Planning, Deliberation and
Motivation for Situated Autonomous Agent

Francois Michaud, Gerard Lachiver, and Chon Tam Le Dinh

A Finer-Grained Motivational Model of Behaviour Sequencing

Emmet Spier and David McFarland

What Are Emotions For? Commitments Management and Regulation Within Animals/Animats

Michel Aube and Alain Senteni

Reinforcement Learning and Animat Emotions

Ian Wright



David S. Touretzky and Lisa M. Saksida

No Bad Dogs: Ethological Lessons for Learning in Hamsterdam

Bruce M. Blumberg, Peter M. Todd, and Pattie Maes

Generalization in Instrumental Learning

Christian Balkenius

Learning to Use Selective Attention and Short-Term Memory in Sequential Tasks

Andrew Kachites McCallum

Explore/Exploit Strategies in Autonomy

Stewart W. Wilson

Learning Control Composition in a Complex Environment

E. G. Araujo and R. A. Grupen

Modular Growing Network Architectures for TD Learning

Pascal Blanchet

Learning to Detour & Schema-based Learning

Fernando J. Corbacho and Michael A. Arbib

Emergent Hierarchical Control Structures: Learning Reactive/Hierarchical Relationships
in Reinforcement Environment

Bruce L. Digney

A Model of Operant Conditioning for Adaptive Obstacle Avoidance

Paolo Gaudiano, Eduardo Zalama, Carolina Chang, and Juan Lopez Coronado

Learning Navigational Behaviors Using a Predictive Sparse Distributed Memory

Rajesh P. N. Rao and Olac Fuentes


A Developmental Model for the Evolution of Complete Autonomous Agents

Frank Dellaert and Randall D. Beer

Evolution of Plastic Neurocontrollers for Situated Agents

Dario Floreano and Francesco Mondada

Increasing Adaptivity through Evolution Strategies

Ralf Salomon

Toward the Evolution of Dynamical Neural Networks for Minimally Cognitive

Randall D. Beer

Emergence of a Multi-Agent Architecture and New Tactics for the Ant Colony
Food Foraging Problem Using Genetic Programming

Forrest H Bennett III

Cell Interactions as a Control Tool of Developmental Processes for Evolutionary

Peter Eggenberger

Evolution of the Sensorimotor Control in an Autonomous Agent

Susanne A. Huber, Hanspeter A. Mallot, and Heinrich H. Bulthoff

The Evolutionary Cost of Learning

Giles Mayley

Evolving Obstacle Avoidance Behavior in a Robot Arm

David E. Moriarty and Risto Miikkulainen

Automatic Generation of Adaptive Programs

Lee Spector and Kilian Stoffel

Sexual Swimmers: Emergent Morphology and Locomotion without a Fitness Function

Jeffrey Ventrella


Cooperative Versus Competitive System Elements in Coevolutionary Systems

Robert E. Smith and H. B. Cribbs III

Co-evolution of Pursuit and Evasion II: Simulation Methods and Results

Dave Cliff and Geoffrey F. Miller

Incremental Self-Improvement for Life-Time Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

Jieyu Zhao and Jurgen Schmidhuber

Dynamics of Co-evolutionary Learning

Hugues Juille and Jordan B. Pollack


Oscillation-Enhanced Adaptability in the Vicinity of a Bifurcation: The Example
of Foraging in Ants

Eric Bonabeau and Francois Cogne

Dominance Interactions, Spatial Dynamics and Emergent Reciprocity in a Virtual

Charlotte K. Hemelrijk

A Study of Territoriality: The Role of Critical Mass in Adaptive Task Division

Miguel Schneider Fontan and Maja J Mataric

Emergent Adaptive Lexicons

Luc Steels

Synthetic Robotic Language Acquisition by Observation

Alexandros Moukas and Gillian Hayes

The Evolution of Communication Schemes over Continuous Channels

Gregory M. Saunders and Jordan B. Pollack

Using A-Life to Study Bee Life: The Economics of Central Place Foraging

P. de Bourcier

An Evolved Fuzzy Reactive Control System for Co-operating Autonomous Robots

Robert Ghanea-Hercock and David P Barnes

On Simulating the Evolution of Communication

Jason Noble and Dave Cliff

Collective Behavior by Modular Reinforcement-Learning Animats

Norihiko Ono, Kenji Fukumoto, and Osamu Ikeda

Robotic "Food" Chains: Externalization of State and Program for Minimal-Agent

Barry Brian Werger and Maja J Mataric

(Not) Evolving Collective Behaviours in Synthetic Fish

Nahum Zaera, Dave Cliff, and Janet Bruten


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